Thursday, December 30, 2010

What is Organic Farming ?

Organic farming is a production system of crops which avoids the use of synthetic and chemical inputs 
like fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives. Organic farming systems depend 
mainly on crop rotation, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, off-farm organic 
residues, mineral bearing rocks. natural pesticides and biological pest control to maintain soil productivity 
and supply important nutrients like N, P, K. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers for decades has 
resulted in the decline of organic matter content of soils to less than one per cent. The use of pesticides 
has led to pest resurgence and difficulty in controlling weeds. Indiscriminate use of artificial fertilizer and 
pesticide has caused severe water  and environmental pollution. The residue of chemical is of serious 
concern for the safety of food and sustainable production. Organic farming ensures the production of 
palatable food free from chemical residues.
Organic farming is a system approach utilizing the natural cycles and biological interactions for crop 
production and protection. 

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